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 *  tayga.h -- main header file
 *  part of TAYGA <http://www.litech.org/tayga/>
 *  Copyright (C) 2010  Nathan Lutchansky <lutchann@litech.org>
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *  (at your option) any later version.
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <poll.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <syslog.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <linux/if.h>
#include <linux/if_tun.h>
#include <linux/if_ether.h>

#include "list.h"
#include "config.h"

/* Configuration knobs */

/* Number of seconds of silence before a map ages out of the cache */
#define CACHE_MAX_AGE         120

/* Number of seconds between cache ageing passes */

/* Number of seconds between dynamic pool ageing passes */

/* Valid token delimiters in config file and dynamic map file */
#define DELIM           " \t\r\n"

/* Protocol structures */

00059 struct ip4 {
      uint8_t ver_ihl; /* 7-4: ver==4, 3-0: IHL */
      uint8_t tos;
      uint16_t length;
      uint16_t ident;
      uint16_t flags_offset; /* 15-13: flags, 12-0: frag offset */
      uint8_t ttl;
      uint8_t proto;
      uint16_t cksum;
      struct in_addr src;
      struct in_addr dest;
} __attribute__ ((__packed__));

#define IP4_F_DF  0x4000
#define IP4_F_MF  0x2000
#define IP4_F_MASK      0x1fff

00076 struct ip6 {
      uint32_t ver_tc_fl; /* 31-28: ver==6, 27-20: traf cl, 19-0: flow lbl */
      uint16_t payload_length;
      uint8_t next_header;
      uint8_t hop_limit;
      struct in6_addr src;
      struct in6_addr dest;
} __attribute__ ((__packed__));

00085 struct ip6_frag {
      uint8_t next_header;
      uint8_t reserved;
      uint16_t offset_flags; /* 15-3: frag offset, 2-0: flags */
      uint32_t ident;
} __attribute__ ((__packed__));

#define IP6_F_MF  0x0001
#define IP6_F_MASK      0xfff8

00095 struct icmp {
      uint8_t type;
      uint8_t code;
      uint16_t cksum;
      uint32_t word;
} __attribute__ ((__packed__));

#define     WKPF  (htonl(0x0064ff9b))

/* Adjusting the MTU by 20 does not leave room for the IP6 fragmentation
   header, for fragments with the DF bit set.  Follow up with BEHAVE on this.

   (See http://www.ietf.org/mail-archive/web/behave/current/msg08499.html)
#define MTU_ADJ         20

/* TAYGA data definitions */

00114 struct pkt {
      struct ip4 *ip4;
      struct ip6 *ip6;
      struct ip6_frag *ip6_frag;
      struct icmp *icmp;
      uint8_t data_proto;
      uint8_t *data;
      uint32_t data_len;
      uint32_t header_len; /* inc IP hdr for v4 but excl IP hdr for v6 */

enum {

00132 struct map4 {
      struct in_addr addr;
      struct in_addr mask;
      int prefix_len;
      int type;
      struct list_head list;

00140 struct map6 {
      struct in6_addr addr;
      struct in6_addr mask;
      int prefix_len;
      int type;
      struct list_head list;

00148 struct map_static {
      struct map4 map4;
      struct map6 map6;
      int conffile_lineno;

00154 struct free_addr {
      uint32_t addr; /* in-use address (host order) */
      uint32_t count; /* num of free addresses after addr */
      struct list_head list;

00160 struct map_dynamic {
      struct map4 map4;
      struct map6 map6;
      struct cache_entry *cache_entry;
      time_t last_use;
      struct list_head list;
      struct free_addr free;

00169 struct dynamic_pool {
      struct map4 map4;
      struct list_head mapped_list;
      struct list_head dormant_list;
      struct list_head free_list;
      struct free_addr free_head;

00177 struct cache_entry {
      struct in6_addr addr6;
      struct in_addr addr4;
      time_t last_use;
      uint32_t flags;
      uint16_t ip4_ident;
      struct list_head list;
      struct list_head hash4;
      struct list_head hash6;

#define CACHE_F_SEEN_4TO6     (1<<0)
#define CACHE_F_SEEN_6TO4     (1<<1)
#define CACHE_F_GEN_IDENT     (1<<2)
#define CACHE_F_REP_AGEOUT    (1<<3)

00193 struct config {
      char tundev[IFNAMSIZ];
      char data_dir[512];
      uint32_t recv_buf_size;
      struct in_addr local_addr4;
      struct in6_addr local_addr6;
      struct list_head map4_list;
      struct list_head map6_list;
      int dyn_min_lease;
      int dyn_max_lease;
      int max_commit_delay;
      struct dynamic_pool *dynamic_pool;
      int hash_bits;
      int cache_size;
      int allow_ident_gen;
      int ipv6_offlink_mtu;
      int lazy_frag_hdr;

      int urandom_fd;
      int tun_fd;

      uint16_t mtu;
      uint8_t *recv_buf;

      uint32_t rand[8];
      struct list_head cache_pool;
      struct list_head cache_active;
      time_t last_cache_maint;
      struct list_head *hash_table4;
      struct list_head *hash_table6;

      time_t last_dynamic_maint;
      time_t last_map_write;
      int map_write_pending;

/* Macros and static functions */

/* Get a pointer to the object containing x, which is of type "type" and 
 * embeds x as a field called "field" */
#define container_of(x, type, field) ({ \
            const typeof( ((type *)0)->field ) *__mptr = (x); \
            (type *)( (char *)__mptr - offsetof(type, field) );})

#define IN6_IS_IN_NET(addr,net,mask) \
            ((net)->s6_addr32[0] == ((addr)->s6_addr32[0] & \
                                    (mask)->s6_addr32[0]) && \
             (net)->s6_addr32[1] == ((addr)->s6_addr32[1] & \
                                    (mask)->s6_addr32[1]) && \
             (net)->s6_addr32[2] == ((addr)->s6_addr32[2] & \
                                    (mask)->s6_addr32[2]) && \
             (net)->s6_addr32[3] == ((addr)->s6_addr32[3] & \

/* TAYGA function prototypes */

/* addrmap.c */
int validate_ip4_addr(const struct in_addr *a);
int validate_ip6_addr(const struct in6_addr *a);
int is_private_ip4_addr(const struct in_addr *a);
int calc_ip4_mask(struct in_addr *mask, const struct in_addr *addr, int len);
int calc_ip6_mask(struct in6_addr *mask, const struct in6_addr *addr, int len);
void create_cache(void);
int insert_map4(struct map4 *m, struct map4 **conflict);
int insert_map6(struct map6 *m, struct map6 **conflict);
struct map4 *find_map4(const struct in_addr *addr4);
struct map6 *find_map6(const struct in6_addr *addr6);
int append_to_prefix(struct in6_addr *addr6, const struct in_addr *addr4,
            const struct in6_addr *prefix, int prefix_len);
int map_ip4_to_ip6(struct in6_addr *addr6, const struct in_addr *addr4,
            struct cache_entry **c_ptr);
int map_ip6_to_ip4(struct in_addr *addr4, const struct in6_addr *addr6,
            struct cache_entry **c_ptr, int dyn_alloc);
void addrmap_maint(void);

/* conffile.c */
void read_config(char *conffile);

/* dynamic.c */
struct map6 *assign_dynamic(const struct in6_addr *addr6);
void load_dynamic(struct dynamic_pool *pool);
void dynamic_maint(struct dynamic_pool *pool, int shutdown);

/* nat64.c */
void handle_ip4(struct pkt *p);
void handle_ip6(struct pkt *p);

/* tayga.c */
void slog(int priority, const char *format, ...);
void read_random_bytes(void *d, int len);

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